Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracNotification


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Timestamp:
05/02/14 01:33:04 (6 minutes ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracNotification

    v3 v4  
    22[[TracGuideToc]] 
    33 
    4 Trac supports notification about ticket changes via email.  
     4Trac supports notification of ticket changes via email.  
    55 
    66Email notification is useful to keep users up-to-date on tickets/issues of interest, and also provides a convenient way to post all ticket changes to a dedicated mailing list. For example, this is how the [http://lists.edgewall.com/archive/trac-tickets/ Trac-tickets] mailing list is set up. 
     
    99 
    1010== Receiving Notification Mails == 
    11 When reporting a new ticket or adding a comment, enter a valid email address in the ''reporter'', ''assigned to/owner'' or ''cc'' field. Trac will automatically send you an email when changes are made to the ticket (depending on how notification is configured). 
     11When reporting a new ticket or adding a comment, enter a valid email address or your username in the ''reporter'', ''assigned to/owner'' or ''cc'' field. Trac will automatically send you an email when changes are made to the ticket (depending on how notification is configured). 
    1212 
    1313This is useful to keep up-to-date on an issue or enhancement request that interests you. 
    1414 
     15=== How to use your username to receive notification mails === 
     16 
     17To receive notification mails, you can either enter a full email address or your username. To get notified with a simple username or login, you need to specify a valid email address in the ''Preferences'' page.  
     18 
     19Alternatively, a default domain name ('''`smtp_default_domain`''') can be set in the TracIni file (see [#ConfigurationOptions Configuration Options] below). In this case, the default domain will be appended to the username, which can be useful for an "Intranet" kind of installation. 
     20 
     21When using apache and mod_kerb for authentication against Kerberos / Active Directory, usernames take the form ('''`username@EXAMPLE.LOCAL`'''). To avoid this being interpreted as an email address, add the Kerberos domain to  ('''`ignore_domains`'''). 
     22 
    1523== Configuring SMTP Notification == 
    1624 
     25'''Important:''' For TracNotification to work correctly, the `[trac] base_url` option must be set in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini].  
     26 
    1727=== Configuration Options === 
    18 These are the available options for the ''[notification]'' section in trac.ini. 
    19  * '''smtp_enabled''': Enable email notification. 
    20  * '''smtp_server''': SMTP server used for notification messages. 
    21  * '''smtp_port''': (''since 0.9'') Port used to contact the SMTP server. 
    22  * '''smtp_user''': (''since 0.9'') User name for authentication SMTP account. 
    23  * '''smtp_password''': (''since 0.9'') Password for authentication SMTP account. 
    24  * '''smtp_from''': Email address to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
    25  * '''smtp_from_name''': Sender name to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
    26  * '''smtp_replyto''': Email address to use for ''Reply-To''-headers in notification emails. 
    27  * '''smtp_default_domain''': (''since 0.10'') Append the specified domain to addresses that do not contain one. Fully qualified addresses are not modified. The default domain is appended to all username/login for which an email address cannot be found from the user settings. 
    28  * '''smtp_always_cc''': List of email addresses to always send notifications to. ''Typically used to post ticket changes to a dedicated mailing list.'' 
    29  * '''smtp_always_bcc''': (''since 0.10'') List of email addresses to always send notifications to, but keeps addresses not visible from other recipients of the notification email  
    30  * '''smtp_subject_prefix''': (''since 0.10.1'') Text that is inserted before the subject of the email. Set to "!__default!__" by default. 
    31  * '''always_notify_reporter''':  Always send notifications to any address in the reporter field (default: false). 
    32  * '''always_notify_owner''': (''since 0.9'') Always send notifications to the address in the owner field (default: false). 
    33  * '''always_notify_updater''': (''since 0.10'') Always send a notification to the updater of a ticket (default: true). 
    34  * '''use_public_cc''': (''since 0.10'') Addresses in To: (owner, reporter) and Cc: lists are visible by all recipients (default is ''Bcc:'' - hidden copy). 
    35  * '''use_short_addr''': (''since 0.10'') Enable delivery of notifications to addresses that do not contain a domain (i.e. do not end with ''@<domain.com>'').This option is useful for intranets, where the SMTP server can handle local addresses and map the username/login to a local mailbox. See also `smtp_default_domain`. Do not use this option with a public SMTP server.  
    36  * '''use_tls''': (''since 0.10'') Toggle to send notifications via a SMTP server using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security TLS], such as GMail. 
    37  * '''mime_encoding''': (''since 0.10'') E-mail notifications are always sent in 7-bit mode. This option allows to select the MIME encoding scheme. Supported values: 
    38    * `base64`: default value, works with any kind of content. May cause some issues with touchy anti-spam/anti-virus engines. 
    39    * `qp` or `quoted-printable`: best for european languages (more compact than base64), not recommended for non-ASCII text (less compact than base64) 
    40    * `none`: no encoding. Use with plain english only (ASCII). E-mails with non-ASCII chars won't be delivered.  
    41  
    42 Either '''smtp_from''' or '''smtp_replyto''' (or both) ''must'' be set, otherwise Trac refuses to send notification mails. 
    43  
    44 === Example Configuration === 
    45  
     28These are the available options for the `[notification]` section in trac.ini. 
     29 
     30 * '''`smtp_enabled`''': Enable email notification. 
     31 * '''`smtp_from`''': Email address to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
     32 * '''`smtp_from_name`''': Sender name to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
     33 * '''`smtp_replyto`''': Email address to use for ''Reply-To''-headers in notification emails. 
     34 * '''`smtp_default_domain`''': (''since 0.10'') Append the specified domain to addresses that do not contain one. Fully qualified addresses are not modified. The default domain is appended to all username/login for which an email address cannot be found from the user settings. 
     35 * '''`smtp_always_cc`''': List of email addresses to always send notifications to. ''Typically used to post ticket changes to a dedicated mailing list.'' 
     36 * '''`smtp_always_bcc`''': (''since 0.10'') List of email addresses to always send notifications to, but keeps addresses not visible from other recipients of the notification email  
     37 * '''`smtp_subject_prefix`''': (''since 0.10.1'') Text that is inserted before the subject of the email. Set to "!__default!__" by default. 
     38 * '''`always_notify_reporter`''':  Always send notifications to any address in the reporter field (default: false). 
     39 * '''`always_notify_owner`''': (''since 0.9'') Always send notifications to the address in the owner field (default: false). 
     40 * '''`always_notify_updater`''': (''since 0.10'') Always send a notification to the updater of a ticket (default: true). 
     41 * '''`use_public_cc`''': (''since 0.10'') Addresses in To: (owner, reporter) and Cc: lists are visible by all recipients (default is ''Bcc:'' - hidden copy). 
     42 * '''`use_short_addr`''': (''since 0.10'') Enable delivery of notifications to addresses that do not contain a domain (i.e. do not end with ''@<domain.com>'').This option is useful for intranets, where the SMTP server can handle local addresses and map the username/login to a local mailbox. See also `smtp_default_domain`. Do not use this option with a public SMTP server.  
     43 * '''`ignore_domains`''': Comma-separated list of domains that should not be considered part of email addresses (for usernames with Kerberos domains). 
     44 * '''`mime_encoding`''': (''since 0.10'') This option allows selecting the MIME encoding scheme. Supported values: 
     45   * `none`: default value, uses 7bit encoding if the text is plain ASCII, or 8bit otherwise.  
     46   * `base64`: works with any kind of content. May cause some issues with touchy anti-spam/anti-virus engines. 
     47   * `qp` or `quoted-printable`: best for european languages (more compact than base64) if 8bit encoding cannot be used. 
     48 * '''`ticket_subject_template`''': (''since 0.11'') A [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Documentation/text-templates.html Genshi text template] snippet used to get the notification subject. 
     49 * '''`email_sender`''': (''since 0.12'') Name of the component implementing `IEmailSender`. This component is used by the notification system to send emails. Trac currently provides the following components: 
     50   * `SmtpEmailSender`: connects to an SMTP server (default). 
     51   * `SendmailEmailSender`: runs a `sendmail`-compatible executable.    
     52 
     53Either '''`smtp_from`''' or '''`smtp_replyto`''' (or both) ''must'' be set, otherwise Trac refuses to send notification mails. 
     54 
     55The following options are specific to email delivery through SMTP. 
     56 * '''`smtp_server`''': SMTP server used for notification messages. 
     57 * '''`smtp_port`''': (''since 0.9'') Port used to contact the SMTP server. 
     58 * '''`smtp_user`''': (''since 0.9'') User name for authentication SMTP account. 
     59 * '''`smtp_password`''': (''since 0.9'') Password for authentication SMTP account. 
     60 * '''`use_tls`''': (''since 0.10'') Toggle to send notifications via a SMTP server using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security TLS], such as GMail. 
     61 
     62The following option is specific to email delivery through a `sendmail`-compatible executable. 
     63 * '''`sendmail_path`''': (''since 0.12'') Path to the sendmail executable. The sendmail program must accept the `-i` and `-f` options. 
     64 
     65=== Example Configuration (SMTP) === 
    4666{{{ 
    4767[notification] 
     
    5373}}} 
    5474 
     75=== Example Configuration (`sendmail`) === 
     76{{{ 
     77[notification] 
     78smtp_enabled = true 
     79email_sender = SendmailEmailSender 
     80sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail 
     81smtp_from = notifier@example.com 
     82smtp_replyto = myproj@projects.example.com 
     83smtp_always_cc = ticketmaster@example.com, theboss+myproj@example.com 
     84}}} 
     85 
     86=== Customizing the e-mail subject === 
     87The e-mail subject can be customized with the `ticket_subject_template` option, which contains a [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Documentation/text-templates.html Genshi text template] snippet. The default value is: 
     88{{{ 
     89$prefix #$ticket.id: $summary 
     90}}} 
     91The following variables are available in the template: 
     92 
     93 * `env`: The project environment (see [trac:source:/trunk/trac/env.py env.py]). 
     94 * `prefix`: The prefix defined in `smtp_subject_prefix`. 
     95 * `summary`: The ticket summary, with the old value if the summary was edited. 
     96 * `ticket`: The ticket model object (see [trac:source:/trunk/trac/ticket/model.py model.py]). Individual ticket fields can be addressed by appending the field name separated by a dot, e.g. `$ticket.milestone`. 
     97 
     98=== Customizing the e-mail content === 
     99 
     100The notification e-mail content is generated based on `ticket_notify_email.txt` in `trac/ticket/templates`.  You can add your own version of this template by adding a `ticket_notify_email.txt` to the templates directory of your environment. The default looks like this: 
     101 
     102{{{ 
     103$ticket_body_hdr 
     104$ticket_props 
     105{% choose ticket.new %}\ 
     106{%   when True %}\ 
     107$ticket.description 
     108{%   end %}\ 
     109{%   otherwise %}\ 
     110{%     if changes_body %}\ 
     111${_('Changes (by %(author)s):', author=change.author)} 
     112 
     113$changes_body 
     114{%     end %}\ 
     115{%     if changes_descr %}\ 
     116{%       if not changes_body and not change.comment and change.author %}\ 
     117${_('Description changed by %(author)s:', author=change.author)} 
     118{%       end %}\ 
     119$changes_descr 
     120-- 
     121{%     end %}\ 
     122{%     if change.comment %}\ 
     123 
     124${changes_body and _('Comment:') or _('Comment (by %(author)s):', author=change.author)} 
     125 
     126$change.comment 
     127{%     end %}\ 
     128{%   end %}\ 
     129{% end %}\ 
     130 
     131--  
     132${_('Ticket URL: <%(link)s>', link=ticket.link)} 
     133$project.name <${project.url or abs_href()}> 
     134$project.descr 
     135}}} 
    55136== Sample Email == 
    56137{{{ 
     
    79160}}} 
    80161 
     162 
     163== Customizing e-mail content for MS Outlook == 
     164 
     165Out-of-the-box, MS Outlook normally presents plain text e-mails with a variable-width font; the ticket properties table will most certainly look like a mess in MS Outlook. This can be fixed with some customization of the [#Customizingthee-mailcontent e-mail template]. 
     166 
     167Replace the following second row in the template: 
     168{{{ 
     169$ticket_props 
     170}}} 
     171 
     172with this instead: 
     173{{{ 
     174-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
     175{% with 
     176   pv = [(a[0].strip(), a[1].strip()) for a in [b.split(':') for b in 
     177         [c.strip() for c in  
     178          ticket_props.replace('|', '\n').splitlines()[1:-1]] if ':' in b]]; 
     179   sel = ['Reporter', 'Owner', 'Type', 'Status', 'Priority', 'Milestone',  
     180          'Component', 'Severity', 'Resolution', 'Keywords'] %}\ 
     181${'\n'.join('%s\t%s' % (format(p[0]+':', ' <12'), p[1]) for p in pv if p[0] in sel)} 
     182{% end %}\ 
     183-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
     184}}} 
     185 
     186The table of ticket properties is replaced with a list of a selection of the properties. A tab character separates the name and value in such a way that most people should find this more pleasing than the default table, when using MS Outlook. 
     187{{{#!div style="margin: 1em 1.75em; border:1px dotted" 
     188{{{#!html 
     189#42: testing<br /> 
     190--------------------------------------------------------------------------<br /> 
     191<table cellpadding=0> 
     192<tr><td>Reporter:</td><td>jonas@example.com</td></tr> 
     193<tr><td>Owner:</td><td>anonymous</td></tr> 
     194<tr><td>Type:</td><td>defect</td></tr> 
     195<tr><td>Status:</td><td>assigned</td></tr> 
     196<tr><td>Priority:</td><td>lowest</td></tr> 
     197<tr><td>Milestone:</td><td>0.9</td></tr> 
     198<tr><td>Component:</td><td>report system</td></tr> 
     199<tr><td>Severity:</td><td>major</td></tr> 
     200<tr><td>Resolution:</td><td> </td></tr> 
     201<tr><td>Keywords:</td><td> </td></tr> 
     202</table> 
     203--------------------------------------------------------------------------<br /> 
     204Changes:<br /> 
     205<br /> 
     206&nbsp;&nbsp;* component: &nbsp;changset view =&gt; search system<br /> 
     207&nbsp;&nbsp;* priority: &nbsp;low =&gt; highest<br /> 
     208&nbsp;&nbsp;* owner: &nbsp;jonas =&gt; anonymous<br /> 
     209&nbsp;&nbsp;* cc: &nbsp;daniel@example.com =&gt;<br /> 
     210&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;daniel@example.com, jonas@example.com<br /> 
     211&nbsp;&nbsp;* status: &nbsp;new =&gt; assigned<br /> 
     212<br /> 
     213Comment:<br /> 
     214I'm interested too!<br /> 
     215<br /> 
     216--<br /> 
     217Ticket URL: &lt;http://example.com/trac/ticket/42&gt;<br /> 
     218My Project &lt;http://myproj.example.com/&gt;<br /> 
     219}}} 
     220}}} 
     221 
     222However, it's not as perfect as an HTML formatted e-mail would be, but presented ticket properties are at least readable... 
     223 
     224 
    81225== Using GMail as the SMTP relay host == 
    82226 
     
    105249}}} 
    106250 
     251For Trac .10, use the filter: 
     252{{{ 
     253from:(<smtp_from>) (("Reporter: <username>" -Changes -Comment) OR "Changes (by <username>)" OR "Comment (by <username>)") 
     254}}} 
     255 
    107256to delete these notifications. 
     257 
     258In Thunderbird, there is no such solution if you use IMAP 
     259(see http://kb.mozillazine.org/Filters_(Thunderbird)#Filtering_the_message_body). 
     260 
     261The best you can do is to set "always_notify_updater" in conf/trac.ini to false. 
     262You will however still get an email if you comment a ticket that you own or have reported. 
     263 
     264You can also add this plugin: 
     265http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/NeverNotifyUpdaterPlugin 
    108266 
    109267== Troubleshooting == 
     
    134292}}} 
    135293 
    136 In such a case, you need to configure your server so that the web server is authorize to post to the SMTP server. The actual settings depend on your Linux distribution and current security policy. You may find help browsing the Trac MailingList archive. 
     294In such a case, you need to configure your server so that the web server is authorized to post to the SMTP server. The actual settings depend on your Linux distribution and current security policy. You may find help browsing the Trac [trac:MailingList MailingList] archive. 
    137295 
    138296Relevant ML threads: 
    139297 * SELinux: http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.subversion.trac.general/7518 
    140   
     298 
     299For SELinux in Fedora 10: 
     300{{{ 
     301$ setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail 1 
     302}}} 
    141303=== ''Suspected spam'' error === 
    142304 
     
    146308 
    147309Quoted printable encoding works better with languages that use one of the Latin charsets. For Asian charsets, it is recommended to stick with the Base64 encoding. 
     310 
     311=== ''501, 5.5.4 Invalid Address'' error === 
     312 
     313On IIS 6.0 you could get a  
     314{{{ 
     315Failure sending notification on change to ticket #1: SMTPHeloError: (501, '5.5.4 Invalid Address') 
     316}}} 
     317in the trac log. Have a look [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/291828 here] for instructions on resolving it. 
     318 
    148319 
    149320----